Spinning of linen
Wet spinners for linen
One of the main phases of linen processing is certainly spinning. It is essential to transform linen into yarn. For the production of linen yarns, various operations prior to spinning are necessary such as combing (heckling) to divide the fibers of various lengths, drawing and coupling the slivers to make the weight homogeneous and refine them, up to the boiling or bleaching operation, prior to spinning.
Officine Gaudino produces double sided wet spinners, manual or with automatic doffing. Linen produced with wet spinning sees its main use in the production of tablecloths, towels, sheets, handkerchiefs, fabrics used for clothing and shirts, canvases for painting.
Double sided wet spinners
We have machine models for any type of yarn and in different structures, with the possibility of equipping them with various automatisms such as the automatic doffing of the bobbins with the tube loader and the oiling device of the rings.
The models available are:
- FU14 = Double side wet spinner with bottom draft apron
- FU21 = Double sided wet spinner with open draft
Ring spinning frame fr the wet spinning of linen
The control head is electronic.
The various components of the spinning machine are made of stainless steel or other materials resistant to humidity or treated in such a way as to allow the maximum possible protection against the onset of rust.
The type of spinning is balloon with stainless steel rings. The ring holder platform is supplied in stainless steel. The drive of the spindles is by tangential belt. Due to the humidity, the Pneumafil system is not provided for which a special roving-stop device is supplied which blocks the roving entering the drafting field in case of yarn breakage.
The processing of the linen fiber
Spinning, however, is only one of the processing phases that brings the raw material, the flax bark, to the finished product, that is the yarn.
Following the collection of the flax stems, in order for it to be processed, it is necessary to subject the stems to a maceration process.
This consists of prolonged exposure of the stems to moisture and usually lasts for about 2-3 weeks. It is with the maceration that the flax stems are transformed into a precious fiber, suitable for processing.
Drying follows, which takes place both with a natural method, leaving the stems in the open air, and with a mechanical process, which is more widespread today for large-scale production. At this point the result obtained is a crude fiber, which can be processed starting from the heckling to obtain the desired product.